Redirection is a function common to most command-line interpreters, including the various Unix shells that can redirect standard streams to user-specified locations. Redirection in Æsh try to emulate how it works in most Unix shells.

Redirecting standard input and standard output

To execute command1 and place the output in file1:

command1 > file1

This will overwrite any existing data in file1.

To append output to the end of the file, use >>:

command1 >> file1


command1 < file1 executes command1, with file1 as the source of input (instead of the keyboard).

command1 < infile > outfile

combines the two: command1 reads from infile and writes to outfile.


Programs can be run together such that one program reads the output from another with no need for an explicit intermediate file: command1 | command2 executes command1, using its output as the input for command2.

How this works in Æsh

The current implementation of Æsh solves redirection and piping fairly simple. When the user press Enter the line is parsed and if either redirect or pipe is found the line will be broken down in pieces. In this example: command1 > file1 Æsh will split the line up so that only command1 is returned in ConsoleOutput.buffer with ConsoleOutput.redirectOrPipe set to true.

The output from command1 will be stored in an internal buffer and when is called again > file1 will be processed.

The same logic is used when pipeline is used. This differ from several Unix shells that’s able to run several commands in parallel. Æsh run the commands in sequence.

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